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MAFIA

Rating:       (66 votes)

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Objective:

A group strategy game involving detectives, citizens and mafia. Kill or be killed!

Game Type:

Passive. Little or no movement is required.

Players:

6 or more players

Needed:

Red, blue and yellow cards for determining who is what in the game Two red cards for mafia Two blue cards for detectives Yellow cards for all others Uno cards work well

Rules:

The group should sit in a circle so that everyone can see everyone else. One person acts as the moderator and does not play. The moderator shuffles the cards and passes them out to the group. There should be two mafia cards (red), two detective cards (blue) and enough yellow cards for the rest of the players. Yellow cards are citizens. Each person secretly looks at their card and then returns it to the moderator. Players should not disclose their role (mafia, detective, citizen) at this time.

The moderator asks everyone to close their eyes and look down. The moderator has the two detectives open their eyes and locate each other. This should be done in complete silence. The moderator then asks the detectives to point to someone they want to "check out" to determine if they are mafia or not. They need to reach an agreement and indicate to the moderator who they choose very quietly without others hearing them. Making noise puts you at risk of being killed later in the game. The moderator then gives the a nod yes if the person they chose is mafia or a nod no if the person they chose is a citizen.

They then put their heads back down and the moderator asks the mafia to open their eyes and locate each other. They must do this silently as well or else put themselves at risk of being killed by the detectives later in the game. The mafia then must silently choose someone to kill and indicate this to the moderator by pointing or nodding, again in total silence. They then put their heads down and the moderator ask everyone to look up and open their eyes. He then announces that the person chosen by the mafia has been killed. Whenever a person is killed they must announce their true identity (mafia, detective, citizen) and then remain completely silent until the end of the game.

Following this announcement, the group can begin deliberation and discussion about who is who. People can make claims, false accusations, lie about their true identity and try to get others to side with them. The result of this discussion is ultimately a decision to kill someone and the moderator makes the final decision. Discussion can go on for any length of time but 2-5 minutes is usually enough. Most decisions should be made democratically with a voting process. Once a decision has been made, the moderator announced the death of the chosen person and the killed person must reveal their true identity. Mafia will of course hope it is a detective. Detectives and citizens hope that the person is a mafia. This ends round one.

Round two begins with a the same process. Everyone looks down and closes their eyes. Detectives again choose someone to "check out". Next the mafia again identify someone to kill. Detectives can use their knowledge in several ways. If they determine the identity of a mafia, they can either covertly try to get people to vote to kill that person by staging an argument as to why, or they can announce themselves as detective and state they know with certainty that the person is mafia. This is dangerous if both mafia still are alive since the detective risks being killed in the next round. However, if only one mafia is left then it can be a good way to end the game since the object is to kill both mafia.

Once both mafia are dead the game ends and the moderator (or a new moderator) can start a new game. However, if both detectives die but there are one or two mafia still alive, the game continues as the citizens try to kill the mafia through the voting process and the mafia try to kill the citizens one by one until none are left. If only one mafia is alive and the game progresses to where there are only three players left, if the vote ends up killing a citizen (leaving only one mafia and one citizen) the second citizen automatically dies and the mafia wins the game.

Round 1 begins:

The moderator asks everyone to close their eyes and look down. The moderator has the two detectives open their eyes and locate each other. This should be done in complete silence. The moderator then asks the detectives to point to someone they want to "check out" to determine if they are mafia or not. They need to reach an agreement and indicate to the moderator who they choose very quietly without others hearing them. Making noise puts you at risk of being killed later in the game. The moderator then gives the a nod yes if the person they chose is mafia or a nod no if the person they chose is a citizen. They then put their heads back down.

The moderator now asks the mafia to open their eyes and locate each other. They must do this silently as well or else put themselves at risk of being killed by the detectives later in the game. The mafia then must silently choose someone to kill and indicate this to the moderator by pointing or nodding, again in total silence. They then put their heads down and the moderator ask everyone to look up and open their eyes. He then announces that the person chosen by the mafia has been killed.

Whenever a person is killed they must announce their true identity (mafia, detective, citizen) and then remain completely silent until the end of the game. Following this announcement, the group can begin deliberation and discussion about who is who. People can make claims, false accusations, lie about their true identity and try to get others to side with them. The result of this discussion is ultimately a decision to kill someone and the moderator makes the final decision. Discussion can go on for any length of time but 2-5 minutes is usually enough. Most decisions should be made democratically with a voting process.

Once a decision has been made, the moderator announced the death of the chosen person and the killed person must reveal their true identity. Mafia will of course hope it is a detective. Detectives and citizens hope that the person is a mafia. This ends round one. Round two begins with a the same process. Everyone looks down and closes their eyes. Detectives again choose someone to "check out". Next the mafia again identify someone to kill. Detectives can use their knowledge in several ways. If they determine the identity of a mafia, they can either covertly try to get people to vote to kill that person by staging an argument as to why, or they can announce themselves as detective and state they know with certainty that the person is mafia. This is dangerous if both mafia still are alive since the detective risks being killed in the next round. However, if only one mafia is left then it can be a good way to end the game since the object is to kill both mafia.

How to win:

Once both mafia are dead the game ends and the moderator (or a new moderator) can start a new game. However, if both detectives die but there are one or two mafia still alive, the game continues as the citizens try to kill the mafia through the voting process and the mafia try to kill the citizens one by one until none are left. If only one mafia is alive and the game progresses to where there are only three players left, if the vote ends up killing a citizen (leaving only one mafia and one citizen) the second citizen automatically dies and the mafia wins the game.

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